Why Do I Get Cramps in My Uterus When I Workout?

If you’re wondering why you get cramps in your uterus when you workout, you’re not alone. Many women experience this uncomfortable symptom, but there are a few possible explanations. Read on to learn more about why you might get cramps in your uterus during or after exercise.


Uterine cramps, or dysmenorrhea, are a common type of cramping that occur when the uterus contracts during your period due to hormones released in the body. While it’s normal to experience some cramping in the abdomen, lower back and legs during your menstrual cycle, if you’re getting cramps while working out, there could be other underlying causes. Let’s explore some potential causes of cramping while exercising.


Exercising becomes much more difficult and painful when your body does not have enough fluids to function. Dehydration can be a serious health detriment, but it is also one of the most common causes of cramping during physical activity. It can lead to muscle fatigue and even strains, which in turn can cause the uterus to become overactive and sore. When muscles are lacking water, they are unable to adequately contract or relax as they need to, resulting in pain.

To prevent muscle cramps due to dehydration, it is important to make sure that your body receives enough fluids throughout the day and especially during exercise. Using a pedometer or similar device, count each step you take during physical activities, then use these steps as an estimate for how much fluid you should be taking in before and after working out. Additionally, keep electrolytes like sodium and potassium balanced in order to avoid dehydration-related cramping issues down the road.

Lack of electrolytes

Lack of electrolytes can contribute to cramping during a workout. Electrolytes are minerals that carry a charge – they help regulate essential bodily functions such as heart rhythm and muscle contraction, as well as helping to hydrate the body. When taking part in physical activity, electrolytes are used, so replenishing your body with food sources high in electrolytes, such as bananas and coconut water, can help lessen the chance you will experience cramping after exercise. It is important to pay attention to signs that you may be deficient in any particular mineral or vitamin that could be resulting in the cramping symptoms; if this is suspected it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for advice on how best to address it.


One of the most common causes of cramps in the uterus is over-exertion. When we work out, we put an immense amount of pressure and stress on our bodies, and this can lead to pain and cramping. Over-exertion can cause muscles to become tense and tight, which can lead to uterine cramping. If you are already prone to cramping during your menstrual cycle, over-exertion on top of that could be a major factor.

It is important to find the right balance between intense exercise, rest, and recovery time. Be sure to give yourself enough time in between workouts to rest and recuperate; if you find that you’re experiencing pain or cramping after exercise, it may mean that you are doing too much too soon. Take it slow – ease into your workouts over time so your body has the chance adjust accordingly. Additionally, be sure not to push yourself too hard – if you start feeling any pain or discomfort during a workout, take some time off or reduce the intensity of your activity immediately.


Uterine cramps can be extremely painful and can prevent you from enjoying your workout. The good news is that there are some steps you can take to help prevent these cramps from occurring. These include focusing on warming up and cooling down properly, using the correct form when exercising, and avoiding certain exercises that put too much pressure on your lower abdomen. Let’s explore these strategies in more detail.

Drink plenty of water

Drinking plenty of water is a key part of preventing cramps in your uterus when you’re working out. When you don’t drink enough water, your body is much more susceptible to cramping due to dehydration and lack of electrolytes. It’s important to make sure you are drinking enough before and after a workout, especially if you are doing any sort of strenuous exercise. Staying hydrated throughout the day can help prevent the onset of uterine cramps. You should also replenish your electrolytes after intense workouts with either sports drinks or coconut water.

Increase electrolyte intake

One of the best and most effective ways to prevent uterine cramping when working out is to make sure that you are consuming the correct amount of electrolytes. Electrolytes — including sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium — help regulate your body’s fluid levels, as well as maintain proper muscle and nerve functioning. When exercising, sweating increases and can result in electrolyte imbalance which may cause leg cramps or uterine cramps. Therefore it is important to replenish your electrolyte levels with simple dietary changes — such as incorporating foods high in potassium (including bananas, potatoes, spinach and avocado), sodium (dark leafy greens, celery and beets) or magnesium (almonds and cashew nuts). Be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day so that you can stay properly hydrated during physical activity. Additionally, drinking a sports drink before or after a workout may also help replenish electrolytes.

Warm up properly before exercising

When beginning any physical activity, it is important to warm up your muscles before pushing yourself too hard. This can help to prevent cramps by increasing your body’s temperature and gradually adjusting it for the workout ahead. Warming up also enhances flexibility, increases range of motion and helps to reduce the possibility of injuries.

You should begin with light aerobic exercise such as walking or jogging on a treadmill or using an elliptical. These low-impact exercises will help to loosen your joints and muscles while raising your heart rate in a controlled way. Once you have warmed up sufficiently, you can move onto dynamic stretching, which engages multiple joints and muscle groups in a continuous flow of movements that improve performance while keeping the heart rate elevated. Some examples of dynamic stretching include lunges, leg swings and ankle bounces. As you progress along in your routine, maintain focus on proper form in order to ensure a safe engagement with each exercise beyond stretching. After completing all dynamic stretches, end with some static stretches that involve holding poses gradually for 5-6 seconds to properly stretch targeted muscles throughout the body.


Uterine cramps that occur during strenuous exercise can be extremely uncomfortable, and for some people, it can be a deterrent from engaging in activity. Fortunately, there are treatments available that can help to relieve those cramping pains. This article will explore some of the most effective methods for treating uterine cramps during exercise.

Take a break and rest

It is important to take a break and rest when you start to experience cramping in the uterus during physical activity. As much as it can be tempting to push through the pain or delay taking a break, it is better for your overall health if you stop exercising when you feel uterine cramping.

Take a few moments to stretch or practice some relaxation techniques and breathe deeply. If the cramps do not go away after stretching or resting, it is important that you stop any physical activity altogether and contact your healthcare provider.

During periods of rest, it might also help alleviate symptoms if you put a heating pad on your lower abdomen, take an over-the-counter pain reliever, like ibuprofen or acetaminophen, or use a topical ointment specifically formulated for uterine cramps. Additionally, adding extra potassium into your diet may help relieve cramping and other premenstrual (PM) symptoms.

Apply a hot or cold compress

When cramps occur, applying a hot or cold compress may help reduce pain and discomfort. A hot compress can help soothe the area and reduce tension in the muscles while a cold compress may help restrict blood flow to the area to help reduce inflammation. The compress should be applied to the area of discomfort for up to 10 minutes at a time until symptoms subside. However, it should be noted that in some cases, medical treatment may be necessary if symptoms persist. It is important to seek medical advice if pain does not respond to self-care measures or worsens over time.

Massage the area

One way to help relieve the pain from cramps in the uterus is through massage. Massaging the area can help relax tense muscles and reduce inflammation or spasms that can cause uterine cramping. To reduce these cramps, lie down on your back in a comfortable position and massage the area around your uterus.

Start by making small, gentle circles on your lower abdomen near the pelvic area with your fingertips. Applying pressure when you circle can also provide greater relief. Adding aromatherapy oils, such as jasmine or rosemary, may further help relax tense muscles and promote healing of damaged tissues. Deep breathing can also help to relieve stress during massages, as it helps calm both your body and mind.

When to See a Doctor

Uterine cramps can be common during physical activities such as running and gym workouts. Normally, these cramps are not a cause for concern and can be quickly relieved with some rest. However, if the cramps become severe or happen frequently, it is important to seek medical advice. In this article, we will look at when to see a doctor if you are experiencing uterine cramps with physical activity.

Severe or persistent cramping

If you’re experiencing severe or persistent cramping, it’s important to see a physician for diagnosis and treatment. Severe or persistent cramping could be a sign of a medical condition such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine fibroids, or ovarian cysts. Also, if the pain is localized to one side instead of both and is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever and chills, vomiting and diarrhea, heavy bleeding or vaginal discharge that doesn’t appear normal, consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor can perform tests such as ultrasounds to diagnose the underlying cause of your cramps. Treatment may involve medications as well as lifestyle changes including physical therapy.

Pain that radiates to other parts of the body

In some cases, cramping can be accompanied by pain that radiates to other parts of the body, such as the legs or lower back. This type of pain can be a symptom of medical conditions such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), fibroids or a misalignment of the uterus. If this type of pain persists even after altering your exercise routine, you should make an appointment with your doctor.

Your doctor will discuss any symptoms you are having and may order diagnostic tests or other treatments to help diagnose and treat the underlying cause. For example, an ultrasound may be ordered to check for fibroids or an X-ray may be ordered to determine if your uterine positioning needs adjusting. If any underlying medical condition is found needing treatment, a physician can put together a plan of action to reduce symptoms and bring relief from pelvic pain.

Accompanying symptoms such as fever or nausea

If you experience any additional symptoms, such as a fever, nausea, or dizziness, along with your cramps when exercising, it is important to contact your health care professional immediately. These symptoms can indicate serious underlying conditions that may require more extensive testing. Your doctor can assess your situation and advise you on the best course of treatment for your cramps.

It is also important to note if these symptoms appear suddenly or regularly occur if you have been working out for a while. Some potential causes of recurring cramps include dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, hormone imbalances and inflammation. Depending on what the underlying cause is determined to be, the doctor may recommend certain lifestyle changes or medical treatments that could help alleviate the cramping and make it easier for you to exercise comfortably and safely.

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